The Sudan (in Arabic Ø§ÙØ³ÙØ¯Ø§Ù, as-Sudan, officially Republic of Sudan) is a sovereign state in the north-eastern Africa. It borders Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, Sudan to the south of the South, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya the northwest. Its capital is Khartum.El world's longest river, the Nile divides the country into a western and an eastern.
Sudan is home to one of the oldest continuous major civilizations of the world, with historical and urban settlements dating back to 3000 BC. The Sudanese have a long history stretching from antiquity, which is intertwined with the history of Egypt, which together And for politically in different periods. After independence from the United Kingdom in 1956, Sudan suffered a civil war that lasted for 17 years and was followed by ethnic conflicts, religious and economic between the northern Sudanese (with Nubian and Arab) and Christian Nilotic and animist southern Sudan.AixÃ² led to a second civil war in 1983, due to the continuous political and military conflicts, Sudan was subjected to a coup without deaths conducted by Colonel Omar al-Bashir in 1989, then was proclaimed President of Sudan.
Then, Sudan experienced a significant economic growth, implementing macroeconomic reforms and finally ending the civil war by adopting a new constitution in 2005 that gave the rebel South limited autonomy that ultimately led to a referendum by the independence in 2011. Being rich in natural resources, among them oil, Sudan's economy is currently one of the fastest growing economies in the world. The People's Republic of China and Russia are the biggest trade partners of Sudan
In Sudan you can visit cities like Sudan or Sudan