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St Peter’s Basilica in Rome (Italy)

Address: Piazza San Pietro
Web: http://www.vatican.va
Part of the world: Europe
Country: Italy (see more Religious, spiritual in Italy)
City: Rome (see more Religious, spiritual in Rome)
Type of place: Sights
Category: Religious, spiritual (see more Religious, spiritual near St Peter’s Basilica)
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The Basilica of Saint Peter (Latin: Basilica Sancti Petri, in Italian: Basilica di San Pietro in Papale Vatican), commonly known as St. Peter's Basilica is a Catholic church located in Vatican City. The basilica has the largest interior space of a Christian church in the world, 1 has 193 m length, 44.5 m high and covers an area of 2.3 hectares. The height gives the dome makes it a dominant feature in the skyline of Rome. It is considered one of the holiest sites of Catholicism. Described as "the occupant of a unique position in the Christian world," 2 as "the greatest of all churches of Christendom" .3 In the Catholic tradition, the basilica is the burial place of St. Peter, that was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus of Nazareth, the first bishop of Antioch, first bishop of Rome and, therefore, the first of the popes. Tradition and historical and scientific evidence argue that the tomb of St. Peter is directly below the altar of the basilica, 4 because of this, many popes have been buried in San Pedro since earliest Christian times. At the site of the present basilica churches have been built since the fourth century. The construction of the present basilica, over the old Constantinian basilica, began on April 18, 1506, and ended on November 18, 1626.5
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