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Tourist and travel guide of Kars

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  • Population: 77525


In Kars you can visit places like Ulu Cami, Church of the Apostles, Kızılay Hamam or Kars
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Kars (Armenian: Ղարս or Կարս, Kurdish: Qers, Greek Καρς, Russian: Карс, Azeri: QAR) is a city in northeastern Turkey and capital of the province of Kars, formerly the main town of a sanyak of jurisdiction Turkish Erzurum. For decades it was the route on their way to Armenia, but in the last decade, the border was closed. It is located at coordinates 40 ° 37 'N and 43 ° 6' E. It has a population of 76,992 inhabitants1 (2007). Population: 8,672 (1878), 20.891 (1897), 54,000 (1970). In the tenth century the region around Kars was an Armenian kingdom, ruled by the family Bagratid. Later, Kars was conquered and destroyed by the Seljuk Turks and the Mongols in the thirteenth century, and by Tamerlane in 1387. The citadel was strong enough to withstand a siege of Nadir Shah of Persia, in 1731, and in 1807 also successfully resisted the Russians. After a brave defense surrendered on June 23, 1828 the Russian general Ivan Paskevich, Eleven thousand men were made prisoners of war. During the Crimean War the Turkish garrison, commanded by General Fenwick Williams Williams and other foreign officers, kept the Russians at bay for a long siege, but after that the garrison was ravaged by cholera and food was scarce full, were forced to capitulate in November 1855. The fort was again attacked by the Russians at the Battle of Kars during the Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78, being ceded to Russia by the Treaty of San Stefano. Russia gave up Kars, Ardahan and Batum by the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk on March 3, 1918. The Turks occupied Kars on 25 April and was established in the South West Caucasian Republic, but when there was an armistice of Mudros (October 1918) established the Ottoman army's withdrawal to the borders of 1914. The British occupied Batum but the Ottomans refused to retreat from Kars and military governor was a provisional government headed by Fahrettin Pirioğlu who claimed sovereignty over Kars and neighboring regions and Muslim turcófonas to Batum and Gumru (Alexandropol). The region was occupied by Armenia in January 1919 but the government Turkophile was held in the city of Kars to the arrival of British troops who dissolved (April 19) by sending their leaders to Malta. Kars was delivered shortly after Armenia together with Ardahan (May).
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Kızılay Hamam
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Ulu Cami
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Taş Köprü
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Church of the Apostles
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Kars Castle
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Beylerbeyi Sarayı
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Kars Museum
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