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Tourist and travel guide of Iznik

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  • Population: 22242


In Iznik you can visit places like Saray Gate, Aya Sofya, Şeyh Kutbettin Camii or Iznik
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Nicaea (Nicaea, Latin transliteration of the Greek name Νικαïα, Nikaia, derived from Nike, ie 'victory') is an ancient city of Bithynia in Asia Minor, on the shores of Lake Iznik, founded by Antigonus I Monóftalmos c. 316 a. C. with the name of Antigonia. In Roman times it became a major cultural centers in the area. It was a prosperous trading center located on the road to Constantinople. In 1078 was taken by the Seljuk Turks and became capital of the Sultanate of Rum. He returned to Christian hands in 1097, becoming capital of the Byzantine Empire (1204-1261) during the occupation of Constantinople by the Crusaders. Since 1331 is the current Turkish city of İznik, Bursa province. It held two important councils: the Council of Nicaea I (AD 325) and Council of Nicea II (year 787). The city is situated in a fertile basin at the eastern end of Lake Ascanión, surrounded by a chain of hills north and south. The west wall overlooking the lake, provides protection against a siege and a source of supplies difficult to block. The lake is large enough to make it difficult to organize a blockade (during the siege of Nicaea, the city was supplied by the lake) and the town important enough to become difficult any attempt to block ships with siege engines from the coast. The city was completely surrounded by 5 km of walls to a height of 10 m, reinforced with a hundred towers. The walls were surrounded by a double moat. The only entrances to the city were doors on three sides.
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Most Desired Destinations

Roman theatre
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Şeyh Kutbettin Camii
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Yeşil Cami
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Aya Sofya
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Hacı Özbek Camii
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Lefke Gate
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Church of the Koimesis
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İznik Museum
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II Murat Hamamı
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Saray Gate
Find information about visiting Saray Gate View Saray Gate guide

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