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Colosseum in Rome (Italy)

Address: Piazza del Colosseo
Web: http://www.pierreci.it
Part of the world: Europe
Country: Italy (see more Archaeology in Italy)
City: Rome (see more Archaeology in Rome)
Type of place: Sights
Category: Archaeology (see more Archaeology near Colosseum)
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The Colosseum is an amphitheater of the Roman Empire period, built in the first century in the center of the city of Rome. Originally called the Flavian Amphitheatre (Amphitheatre Flavium), in honor of the Flavian dynasty of emperors who built it, and called Colosseum became a large statue located next to it, the Colossus of Nero, not now preserved. For its architectural features, condition and history, the Colosseum is one of the most famous monuments of classical antiquity. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1980 as one of New Seven Wonders of the World on July 7, 2007. In ancient times had a capacity for 50,000 spectators, with eighty rows of gradas.1 2 3 The who were close to the arena were the Emperor and the Senate, and as they stood were the lower strata of society. Took place at the Coliseum gladiator fights and public spectacles. It was built just east of the Roman Forum and the work began for 70 d. C. and 72 d. C., under the rule of Emperor Vespasian. The amphitheater, which was the largest ever built in the Roman Empire, was completed in 80 d. C. by the Emperor Titus, and was amended during the reign of Domiciano.4 Its inauguration lasted 100 days, it involved the whole Roman people dying in their celebration and tens of gladiators and wild beasts who gave their lives for pleasure and entertainment of the people .
Other user descriptions
The Colosseum is an amphitheater of the Roman Empire period, built in the first century in the center of the city of Rome. Originally called the Flavian Amphitheatre (Amphitheatre Flavium), in honor of the Flavian dynasty of emperors who built it, and called Colosseum became a large statue located next to it, the Colossus of Nero, not now preserved. For its architectural features, condition and history, the Colosseum is one of the most famous monuments of classical antiquity. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1980 as one of New Seven Wonders of the World on July 7, 2007. In ancient times had a capacity for 50,000 spectators, with eighty rows of gradas.1 2 3 The who were close to the arena were the Emperor and the Senate, and as they stood were the lower strata of society. Took place at the Coliseum gladiator fights and public spectacles. It was built just east of the Roman Forum and the work began for 70 d. C. and 72 d. C., under the rule of Emperor Vespasian. The amphitheater, which was the largest ever built in the Roman Empire, was completed in 80 d. C. by the Emperor Titus, and was amended during the reign of Domiciano.4 Its inauguration lasted 100 days, it involved the whole Roman people dying in their celebration and tens of gladiators and wild beasts who gave their lives for pleasure and entertainment of the people 0.4 The Colosseum was used for nearly 500 years, celebrating the last games ever in the sixth century, much later than the traditional date of the fall of Western Roman Empire in 476 d. C. Just as gladiator fights, many other public spectacles were held here, as naumaquias, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology. The building ceased to be used for these purposes in the High Middle Ages. It was later reused as a refuge, factory, home of a religious order, strength and quarry. Extracted from its ruins abundant material for the construction of other buildings, until it was converted into a Christian shrine in honor of martyred prisoners during the early Christianity. This measure helped to stop the plundering and ensure their conservation. Although the structure is severely damaged by earthquakes and stone-cutters, the Coliseum has always been seen as an icon of Imperial Rome and is one of the best preserved examples of Roman architecture. One of the most popular tourist attractions of modern Rome and is still closely linked to the Roman Catholic Church, so that the Pope leads the Stations of the Cross to the amphitheater each Good Friday.
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