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Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome (Italy)

Address: Piazza Santa Maria Maggiore
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Part of the world: Europe
Country: Italy (see more Museum in Italy)
City: Rome (see more Museum in Rome)
Type of place: Sights
Category: Museum (see more Museum near Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore)
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The Basilica of St. Mary Major - in Italian, Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore, also known as Basilica di Santa Maria della Neve and Liberian Basilica - is a Roman Catholic basilica located in Rome. It is one of the four major basilicas and one of the five patriarchal basilicas associated with Pentarchy: St. John Lateran, St. Lawrence Outside the Walls, St. Peter and St. Paul Outside the Walls and St. Mary Major. The Liberian Basilica is one of the securitization, chaired by an employer in this case, Pope Liberius, who lodged the largest congregations of the early Christians in Rome. Built on a pagan temple of Cybele, Santa Maria Maggiore is (along with Santa Sabina, somewhat later) the only Roman church strictly conserved plant early Christian basilica and primitive structure. The elevation, however, is not kept in their original state due to additional construction projects (mostly trying to mimic the original style) and damage of the earthquake of 1348. The name of the church reflects two ideas of greatness, on the one hand a major basilica in opposition to a minor basilica and that of the Virgin Mary, true Mother of God. In Greek this doctrine is known as Theotokos, officially adopted by the Council of Ephesus in 431. The Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore is the largest and most important place of worship in Rome dedicated to Mary. After the Avignon papacy formally and popes had just returned to Rome, the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore became a temporary Palace of the Popes due to the deteriorated state it was in the Lateran Palace. The papal residence was later moved to the palace of the Vatican in what is now Vatican City.
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